The U.S. Census Bureau this month started releasing 2010 Census population local level totals, including 2010 Census data on race, Hispanic origin and voting age for multiple geographies within each state.
The U.S. Census bureau today delivered Texas’ 2010 census local population totals, including first look at race and Hispanic origin data for legislative redistricting.
The Census Bureau will continue to deliver the local level data state-by-state on a rolling basis through March.
The decennial census for Texas totaled 25,145,561 people living in the state in the first half of 2010 for a 20.6% increase over the number of people living in the state in 2000, courtesy of the burgeoning Texas Hispanic and black populations.
The local level data released today will serve as the starting point for a lengthy political and legal battle over how to redraw the political boundaries around Texas. (Census data release | Texas redistricting information)
The Texas Legislative Council, which handles the mechanics of redistricting for the Legislature, will make the detailed census data available for download to Texas lawmakers’ computers in the coming days. Lawmakers can than begin to draw new district lines using redistricting software applications already provide by the legislative council. In recent weeks, lawmakers and their staff have been learning how to use the software using old census data.
A fair redrawing of new district lines must allow the minority groups, whose growth created the 20.6% population increase, the opportunity to choose their U.S. House and state legislative representatives. The Texas Hispanic or Latino population increased by 41.8 percent and African-American population increased by 23.9 percent, entitling those population groups to share in the 4 additional U.S. House Texas earned by Texas’ overall population increase.
When the legislature completes its redistricting task Texas will have 36 rather than 32 seats in the reconfigured 435-member U.S. House of Representatives. The U.S. House Texas delegation currently stands at 23 Republicans and 9 Democrats.
Based on the 2010 Census count of 25,145,561 people now living in Texas, the ideal population count for each of the 36 Texas congressional districts is 701,901, the ideal Senate district is 811,147, the ideal state House district is 167,637, and the ideal State Board of Education district is 1,676,371.
Should the Republican-dominated Texas Legislature gerrymander the new districts to disenfranchise the larger minority populations, the gerrymandered congressional map would likely be challenged by the Obama Administration Justice Department, which under the Voting Rights Act must approve any changes affecting minority representation.
Given Collin County’s 62.8 percent population growth from 491,675 residents in 2000 to 782,341 residents in 2010, it seem likely the county will see some adjustment to some or all of the various district lines, including for the Congressional, Texas House, Texas Senate and State Board of Education districts.
It is, however, unlikely that Collin County will see a new congressional district or other major changes in the various district lines that crisscross over the county.
Collin Co. ranks seventh in population size after Harris, Dallas, Tarrant, Bexar, Travis and El Paso Counties. The county also has a substantial percentage of residents with Hispanic, Asian, and African American heritage. (U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Custom tables Excel)
Collin County currently holds most of Texas Congressional District 3, represented by Republican Sam Johnson since he first won election in 1991. The 3rd congressional district includes the county’s densely populated southwest quadrant and a small corner of northern Dallas county.
The remaining three quarters of Collin County’s more sparsely populated geographic area is included in Texas Congressional District 4, currently represented by Republican Ralph Hall. Hall’s District 4 geographic area includes all or parts of Bowie, Camp, Cass, Collin, Delta, Fannin, Farnklin, Grayson, Hopkins, Hunt, Lamar, Morris, Rains, Red River and Rockwall counties.
Other districts in Collin Co. include State Senate Districts 8 and 30, State House Districts 66, 67, 70 and 89, and State Board of Education Districts 9 and 12.
Click on a blue state in the map tool below to view county level Census data. Data for states shaded gray have not yet been released. The Census Bureau will deliver state data on a rolling basis through March. See what states are coming next.
2010 Interactive State and County Census Map
Additional Data: To access data from multiple geographies within the state, such as census blocks, tracts, voting districts, cities, counties and school districts, visit American Factfinder: http://factfinder2.census.gov.
2010 Interactive Nationwide Census Map