The world has come a long way. Sometimes it is hard to fathom how previously people handled patients in case of a deforming accident. It might have been terrible because victims had to carry physical scars along with them till their ultimate demise. But since the onset of plastic surgery, accident victims can now enjoy normal life because surgeons work day and night to ensure the affected limb is back to normal for an individual to resume normal life. Same applies to people born with physical deformities like cleft lips, or patients with cancer to name but a few.
Questions have been asked, “Why is it called plastic surgery?”. Plastic surgery is described as specialized surgery meant to repair deformities and correct physical as well as functional deficits. The word plastic is derived from a Greek word “Plastikos” meaning fit for molding. The procedure is divided into two namely; cosmetic and reconstructive.
Just like the names suggest, cosmetic or aesthetic surgery refers to procedures performed to make given body parts look beautiful or appealing. Reconstructive on the other hand refers to procedures performed to reform or give a better look to an affected body part. For example, after an accident, reconstructive surgery is performed to give the affected limb its original or almost original look.
In some cases, cosmetic and reconstructive surgeries function almost on the same line. Take the example of a brain surgery. After the procedure, a patient’s head needs reconstructive surgery which may function as cosmetic surgery because it is aimed at giving the head its original look. Most people however, understand the word plastic to mean “artificial”. Of course this at times may be justified given that celebrities who go for one too many surgeries are bound to look too artificial, almost plastic.
Plastic surgeries are performed by trained surgeons who have undergone undergraduate medical training lasting five years with another three years of post graduate training. Four years of advanced surgical training completes the study, making one competent to perform procedures on patients. After completion of the course study, a trainee has to obtain a license from relevant authorities. Without a practicing license, a practitioner is not allowed to handle patients.
Some aesthetic surgery services offered by plastic surgeons include;
a) Cosmetic and eyelid surgery.
b) Butt implants.
c) Cosmetic breast surgery.
d) Rejuvenation of face using Botox and injectable fillers.
e) Liposuction and shaping procedures of the body.
f) Cosmetic ear surgery.
g) Rejuvenation of face using laser and other light therapy.
For reconstructive surgeries, here are services offered;
a) Reconstructive micro-surgery.
b) Reconstruction of patients with deformities on the face.
c) Burns as well as post-burns surgery.
d) Reconstruction of head, neck and limbs after trauma.
e) Reconstruction after surgery due to cancer on head, neck and breasts.
f) Hand surgery.
g) Cleft lip and palate surgery.
h) Surgical and laser treatment of skin lesions that are benign or malignant.
All these conditions can be handled by plastic surgeons. Before making a choice to have either cosmetic or reconstructive surgery, choice of surgeon has to be properly considered. After all, it is better to be safe than sorry like is seen in Lindsay Lohan plastic surgery case.